Figuring out terminology
This page will not be exhaustive. The “Romanized” spelling might not be 100% correct for the Japanese terms. This is (mostly) how they were handed down to me. I’ll correct over time.
Certain frequently-used words & phrases should be figured out fairly quickly.
- Ceretsu – line up
- Kyotsuke – attention
- Rei – bow
- Yoi – ready
- Kamae – guard
- Oneigaeshimasu – please
- Arigato gozaimasu / gozaimashita – thank you
For skills, figure out the categories first!
- Dachi / Tachi – stances
- Uke – blocks
- Tsuki – punches
- Uchi – strikes (not punches)
- Keri – Kicks
Once you’ve figured out the categories, start thinking specific motions. I’ll give some examples.
- Zenkutsu-dachi – front stance
- Shiko-dachi – sumo stance
- Yoko uke – outside, middle block
- Age uke – high block
- Oi-tsuki – lunging punch
- Gyaku-tsuki – reverse punch
- Empi uchi – elbow strike
- Mae keri – front kick
- Mawashi keri – round kick
Then start looking for exceptions & similaries.
- Gedan barae – Downward block, though technically it’s a “low sweep”
- Yoko uchi – Inside middle block … or is it a strike? :oD
- Ashi barae – foot sweep, though it’s often classified as a kick.
Now start looking for … more specifics.
- Yoki kekkomi keri – Side thrusting kick (as opposed to yoko keri – side kick)
- Gyaku nino ude uke – reverse top of the arm block (meaning it’s performed off of the “rear leg” side of the body.
- Han zenkutsu dachi – half front stance